Small Business Tax Benefits on Deducting Vehicle Costs


 

Businesses that use a car or other vehicle may be able to deduct the expense of operating that vehicle on their taxes. Businesses generally can use one of the two methods to figure their deductible vehicle expenses:

  • Standard mileage rate
  • Actual car expenses

Here are the 2019 standard mileage rates for calculating the deductible costs of operating an automobile for business, charitable, medical or moving purposes:

  • 58¢ per mile driven for business use
  • 20¢ per mile driven for medical or moving purposes
  • 14¢ per mile driven in service of charitable organizations

Business taxpayers have the option of calculating the actual costs of using their vehicle rather than using the standard mileage rates. Here are some facts to help business owners understand the differences between the two methods of figuring their deductible vehicle expenses:

  • Businesses wanting to use the standard mileage rate for a car they own must choose to use the standard mileage rate in the first year they use the vehicle. Then, in later years, they can choose to use either the standard mileage rate or actual expenses.
  • If a business wants to use the standard mileage rate for a car they lease, they must use this rate for the entire lease period.
  • The business must make the choice to use the standard mileage rate by the due date of their return, including extensions. They cannot revoke the choice.
  • A business that qualifies to use both methods may want to figure determine which gives them a larger deduction.
  • Here are some examples of actual car expenses that a business can deduct:
    • Licenses
    • Gas
    • Oil
    • Tolls
    • Insurance
    • Repairs
    • Depreciation – limitations and adjustments may apply

For more information about this article, please contact our tax professionals at taxalerts@windes.com or toll free at 844.4WINDES (844.494.6337).

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