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IRS Provides Deposit Penalty Relief for New Refundable COVID-19 Employer Credits

The IRS has provided penalty relief for failure to deposit employment taxes under Internal Revenue Code Section 6656 to employers entitled to the new refundable tax credits provided under the Families First Coronavirus Response Act (Families First Act) and the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act). The relief is provided to the extent that the amounts not deposited are equal to or less than the amount of refundable tax credits to which the employer is entitled under the Families First Act and the CARES Act.

The relief applies to deposits of employment taxes reduced in anticipation of the credits for:

  • qualified leave wages paid with respect to the period from April 1, 2020 to December 31, 2020; and
  • qualified retention wages paid with respect to the period from March 13, 2020 to December 31, 2020.

COVID-19 Refundable Credits

The Families First Act generally requires employers of fewer than 500 employees to provide paid sick leave and expanded family and medical leave, up to specified limits, to employees unable to work or telework due to certain circumstances related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Generally, the CARES Act provides a refundable tax credit against an employer’s share of the Social Security portion of Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) tax and an employer’s share of the Social Security and Medicare portions of the Railroad Retirement Tax Act (RRTA) tax ( “creditable employment taxes”) for each calendar quarter. The credit is equal to 100% of qualified leave wages paid by the employer, plus qualified health plan expenses with respect to that calendar quarter.

The CARES Act allows certain employers experiencing a full or partial business suspension due to orders from a governmental authority, or a statutorily specified decline in business, due to COVID-19 to claim a refundable tax credit against an employer’s creditable employment taxes. The credit amount is up to 50% of the qualified wages (including allocable qualified health expenses), and is limited to $10,000 per employee over all calendar quarters combined.

Employers report these refundable credits on their returns for reporting their liability for FICA tax (or RRTA tax), which for most employers subject to FICA tax is the quarterly Form 941. An employer may claim an advance payment of the refundable tax credits by filing new Form 7200, Advance Payment of Employer Credits Due to COVID-19.

Penalty Relief for Qualified Leave Wages

An employer will not be subject to a penalty for failing to deposit employment taxes relating to qualified leave wages in a calendar quarter if:

  • the employer paid qualified leave wages to its employees in the calendar quarter prior to the time of the required deposit;
  • the amount of employment taxes that the employer does not timely deposit is less than or equal to the amount of the employer’s anticipated credits under the CARES Act for the calendar quarter as of the time of the required deposit; and
  • the employer did not seek payment of an advance credit by filing Form 7200 for the anticipated credits it relied upon to reduce its deposits.

Thus, an employer may reduce, without penalty, the amount of a deposit of employment taxes by the amount of qualified leave wages and qualified health plan expenses paid by the employer in the calendar quarter prior to the required deposit, plus the amount of the employer’s share of Medicare tax on such qualified leave wages, as long as the employer does not also seek an advance credit for the same amount.

The total amount of any reduction in any required deposit may not exceed the total amount of qualified leave wages and qualified health plan expenses and the employer’s share of Medicare tax on the qualified leave wages in the calendar quarter, minus any amount of qualified leave wages, qualified health plan expenses, and employer’s share of Medicare tax that had been previously used (1) to reduce a prior required deposit in the calendar quarter and obtain this relief or (2) to seek payment of an advance credit.

Penalty Relief for Qualified Retention Wages

An eligible employer will not be subject to a penalty for failing to deposit employment taxes relating to qualified retention wages in a calendar quarter if:

  • the employer paid qualified retention wages to its employees in the calendar quarter prior to the time of the required deposit;
  • the amount of employment taxes that the employer does not timely deposit, reduced by the amount of employment taxes not deposited in anticipation of the credits claimed for qualified leave wages, qualified health plan expenses, and the employer’s share of Medicare tax on the qualified leave wages, is less than or equal to the amount of the employer’s anticipated credits under the CARES Act for the calendar quarter as of the time of the required deposit; and
  • the employer did not seek payment of an advance credit by filing Form 7200 for the anticipated credits it relied upon to reduce its deposits.

Thus, after a reduction of a deposit of employment taxes by the amount of credits anticipated for qualified leave wages, an employer may further reduce, without a penalty, the amount of the deposit of employment taxes by the amount of qualified retention wages paid by the employer in the calendar quarter prior to the required deposit, as long as the employer does not also seek an advance credit for the same amount.

The total amount of any reduction in any required deposit may not exceed the total amount of qualified retention wages in the calendar quarter, minus any amount of qualified retention wages that had been previously used (1) to reduce a prior required deposit in the calendar quarter and obtain this relief or (2) to seek payment of an advance credit.

For more information about this article, please contact our tax professionals at taxalerts@windes.com or toll free at 844.4WINDES (844.494.6337).

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